Canon of the Netherlands

circa 3000 BC

Megalithic tombs

Early farmers

47 A.D.-circa 400 A.D.

The Roman Limes

On the frontiers of the Roman world

658 A.D.-739 A.D.

Willibrord

The spread of Christianity

742 A.D. – 814 A.D.

Charlemagne

Emperor of the Land of the Setting Sun

circa 1100

Hebban olla vogala

The Dutch language in writing

1254-1296

Floris V

A Dutch count and disgruntled nobles

1356-circa 1450

The Hanseatic League

Trading towns in the Low Countries

1469?-1536

Erasmus

An international humanist

1500-1558

Charles V

The Low Countries as an administrative unity

1533-1584

William of Orange

From rebel nobleman to “father of the country”

1588-1795

The Republic

A unique political phenomenon

1602-1799

The Dutch East India Company (VOC)

Overseas expansion

1612

The Beemster Polder

The Netherlands and water

1613-1662

The canal ring

Urban development in the seventeenth century

1583-1645

Hugo Grotius

Pioneer of modern international law

1606?-1669

Rembrandt

The great painters

1662

Blaeu’s Atlas Maior

Mapping the world

1607-1676

Michiel de Ruyter

Heroes of the sea and the wide reach of the Republic

1629-1695

Christiaan Huygens

Science in the Golden Age

1632-1677

Spinoza

In search of truth

circa 1637-1863

Slavery

Human trafficking and forced labour in the New World

17th and 18th centuries

Country mansions

Prosperous living

1744-1828

Eise Eisinga

The Enlightenment in the Netherlands

1780-1795

The patriots

Political conflict about modernising the Republic

1769-1821

Napoleon Bonaparte

The French period

1772-1843

King William I

The kingdom of the Netherlands and Belgium

1839

The first railway

Acceleration

1848

The Constitution

Fundamental rules and principles of government

1860

Max Havelaar

Scandal in the East Indies

19th century

Opposition to child labour

Out of the workplace and back to school

1853-1890

Vincent van Gogh

The modern artist

1854-1929

Aletta Jacobs

The emancipation of women

1914-1918

World War I

War and neutrality

1917-1931

De Stijl

Revolution in design

1929-1940

The crisis years

Society in the depression

1940-1945

World War II

Occupation and liberation

1929-1945

Anne Frank

The persecution of the Jews

1945-1949

Indonesia

A colony fights for freedom

1886-1988

Willem Drees

The welfare state

1 February 1953

The great flood

The danger of water

since 1948

Television

The rise of mass media

since circa 1880

The port of Rotterdam

Gateway to the world

1911-1995

Annie M.G. Schmidt

Going against the grain of a bourgeois country

since 1945

Surinam and the Netherlands Antilles

Decolonisation in the West

1995

Srebrenica

The dilemmas of peacekeeping

since 1945

Diversity in the Netherlands

The multicultural society

1959-2030?

The natural gas deposit

A finite treasure

since 1945

Europe

The Dutch and Europeans

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